Daily Current Affairs Capsule – 14th August 2018
Current Affairs in Short| Fast and Quick Revision
Ashish Kumar Bhutani appointed CEO of Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)
- Appointed to post till May 2020.
- He is an IAS officer (1992 batch) of Assam-Meghalaya cadre.
- PMFBY is a farmers’ welfare scheme launched in 2016
- It replaced earlier two schemes National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (MNAIS) and Modified National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (MNAIS)
- Under PMFBY, farmers need to pay uniform premium of only 2% for all Kharif crops and 1.5% for all Rabi crops.
- In case of annual commercial and horticultural crops, farmers have to pay premium of only 5%.
- There is no upper limit on Government subsidy, so farmers will get claim against full sum insured without any reduction.
Somnath Chattarjee, the veteran politician, passes away
- Somnath Chatterjee was a senior politician, an eminent lawyer, multiple times MP and former Lok Sabha Speaker
- He was associated with the Communist Party of India (Marxist) for most of his life.
- He was the Speaker of the Lok Sabha from 2004 to 2009
Delhi HC to Govt: “Why law to prevent discrimination against HIV patients not notified”
- The Delhi High Court has asked the Centre why it has not yet notified the law to prevent discrimination against HIV and AIDS.
- The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) (Prevention and Control) Act, 2017 had received Presidential assent in April 2017.
- But the centre has still not notified the above act.
- About the Act: The Act prohibits discrimination against PLHIV in accessing healthcare, getting jobs, renting accommodation or in admission to public and private educational institutions.
- Violation of the Act by publishing information about PLHIV or advocating hatred against them would attract imprisonment ranging from three months to two years or a maximum fine of ₹1 lakh or both
Pune tops Ease of Living index; Rampur ranked lowest in the survey
- Pune, Navi Mumbai and Greater Mumbai are at the top of the Ease of Living Index.
- This is the first Ease of Living Index of Indian cities
- It is brought out by the Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
- The national capital, New Delhi, is ranked 65 among 111 cities
- Chennai is in 14th place.
- Kolkata did not participate in the survey.
- The other cities in the top ten: Tirupati, Chandigarh, Thane, Raipur, Indore, Vijayawada and Bhopal.
- The three cities at the bottom of the rankings are: Rampur (last), Kohima and Patna
Disclosing panels on Sexual Harassment by Companies made mandatory
- The Centre has made it mandatory for companies to disclose whether they have constituted an internal complaints committee (ICC) to probe such Sexual Harassment allegations.
- The Corporate Affairs Ministry has amended the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014, governed by the Companies Act, 2013, making the disclosure compulsory.
- Under the Sexual Harassment at Workplace Act, it is mandatory for any company with 10 or more employees to constitute an ICC.
- An employer who doesn’t comply could face a fine of up to Rs. 50,000.
- An internal complaints committee(ICC) should consist of a presiding officer, who is a woman employee at a senior level in the same organisation, at least two employees “preferably committed to the cause of women”, and a member from an NGO or a person “familiar with issues relating to sexual harassment.”
“A Roadmap Towards Cleaning India’s Air’, a Report on Air Pollution in India released
- Researchers from the University of Chicago and Harvard Kennedy School have laid out five key evidence-based policy recommendations in a new report released titled ‘A Roadmap Towards Cleaning India’s Air’.
- More than 660 million Indians live in areas that exceed the country’s standard for what is considered safe exposure to fine particulate pollution (PM 2.5).
- To help improve India’s air quality, group recommends improving emissions monitoring by better aligning incentives of auditors, providing regulators with real-time data on polluters’ emissions, applying monetary charges for excess emissions, providing the public with information about polluters, and using markets to reduce abatement costs and pollution.
- As per the report If India achieves its own air quality standards, life expectancy would increase by more than one year on an average
- This number would increase to four years if India were to meet the World Health Organisation’s (WHO) norms.
- Air pollution is causing hundreds of millions of people in India to lead shorter and sicker lives
- Some of the greatest gains would be seen in big cities such as Delhi. There, people would live six years longer if air quality met the national standards.