Daily Current Affairs Capsule – 14th August 2018

Current Affairs in Short| Fast and Quick Revision

Ashish Kumar Bhutani appointed CEO of Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)

  • Appointed to post till May 2020.
  • He is an IAS officer (1992 batch) of Assam-Meghalaya cadre.
  • PMFBY is a farmers’ welfare scheme launched in 2016
  • It replaced earlier two schemes National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (MNAIS) and Modified National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (MNAIS)
  • Under PMFBY, farmers need to pay uniform premium of only 2% for all Kharif crops and 1.5% for all Rabi crops.
  • In case of annual commercial and horticultural crops, farmers have to pay premium of only 5%.
  • There is no upper limit on Government subsidy, so farmers will get claim against full sum insured without any reduction.

Somnath Chattarjee, the veteran politician, passes away

  • Somnath Chatterjee was a senior politician, an eminent lawyer, multiple times MP and former Lok Sabha Speaker
  • He was associated with the Communist Party of India (Marxist) for most of his life.
  • He was the Speaker of the Lok Sabha  from 2004 to 2009

Delhi HC to Govt: “Why law to prevent discrimination against HIV patients not notified”

  • The Delhi High Court has asked the Centre why it has not yet notified the law to prevent discrimination against HIV and AIDS.
  • The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) (Prevention and Control) Act, 2017 had received Presidential assent in April 2017.
  • But the centre has still not notified the above act.
  • About the Act: The Act prohibits discrimination against PLHIV in accessing healthcare, getting jobs, renting accommodation or in admission to public and private educational institutions.
  • Violation of the Act by publishing information about PLHIV or advocating hatred against them would attract imprisonment ranging from three months to two years or a maximum fine of ₹1 lakh or both

Pune tops Ease of Living index; Rampur  ranked lowest in the survey

  • Pune, Navi Mumbai and Greater Mumbai are at the top of the Ease of Living Index.
  • This is the first Ease of Living Index of Indian cities
  • It is brought out by the Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
  • The national capital, New Delhi, is ranked 65 among 111 cities
  • Chennai is in 14th place.
  • Kolkata did not participate in the survey.
  • The other cities in the top ten: Tirupati, Chandigarh, Thane, Raipur, Indore, Vijayawada and Bhopal.
  • The three cities at the bottom of the rankings are:  Rampur (last), Kohima and Patna

Disclosing panels on Sexual Harassment by Companies made mandatory

  • The Centre has made it mandatory for companies to disclose whether they have constituted an internal complaints committee (ICC) to probe such Sexual Harassment allegations.
  • The Corporate Affairs Ministry has amended the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014, governed by the Companies Act, 2013, making the disclosure compulsory.
  • Under the Sexual Harassment at Workplace Act, it is mandatory for any company with 10 or more employees to constitute an ICC.
  • An employer who doesn’t comply could face a fine of up to Rs. 50,000.
  • An internal complaints committee(ICC) should consist of a presiding officer, who is a woman employee at a senior level in the same organisation, at least two employees “preferably committed to the cause of women”, and a member from an NGO or a person “familiar with issues relating to sexual harassment.”

 “A Roadmap Towards Cleaning India’s Air’, a Report on Air Pollution in India released

  • Researchers from the University of Chicago and Harvard Kennedy School have laid out five key evidence-based policy recommendations in a new report released titled ‘A Roadmap Towards Cleaning India’s Air’.
  • More than 660 million Indians live in areas that exceed the country’s standard for what is considered safe exposure to fine particulate pollution (PM 2.5).
  • To help improve India’s air quality, group recommends improving emissions monitoring by better aligning incentives of auditors, providing regulators with real-time data on polluters’ emissions, applying monetary charges for excess emissions, providing the public with information about polluters, and using markets to reduce abatement costs and pollution.
  • As per the report If India achieves  its own air quality standards, life expectancy would increase by more than one year on an average
  • This number would increase to four years if India were to meet the World Health Organisation’s (WHO) norms.
  • Air pollution is causing hundreds of millions of people in India to lead shorter and sicker lives
  •  Some of the greatest gains would be seen in big cities such as Delhi. There, people would live six years longer if air quality met the national standards.

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