Daily Current Affairs GK Update – 1 July 2015
Britain’s Byron Wake becomes Britain’s Youngest ‘Cyborg’[ALL]:
- Byron Wake, a 15-year old boy from Britain, has become Britain’s youngest ‘cyborg’
- Cyborg means ‘part-human’ and ‘part machine’.
- He made this possible inserting xNT microchip under the skin using hypodermic syringe. The chip is the size of a grain of rice and is encased in bio-safe glass.
- The chip has the ability to emit a low-power radio signal that can perform simple functions such as unlocking a mobile or operating some Bluetooth devices with a wave of his hand.
- Extra facts:
- Kevin Warwick from UK was the world’s first cyborg when he implanted a chip in his body in 1998.
NSSO survey on Literacy Rate in India[All]:
- According to National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) survey, the Rural Literacy rate is 71 per cent and it is 86 per cent in the Urban areas in year 2014.
- Other figures of the NSSO survey:
- Literacy Rate in the age group of 7 years and above: Male literacy rate- 83 percent, Female literacy rate- 67 per cent.
- Adult literacy rate (age 15 years and above): It was around 71 per cent. In rural areas – 64 per cent, urban areas – 84 per cent.
- Education level of graduation and above: It was 4.5 per cent of males and 2.2 per cent of females in rural areas. While, in urban areas it was 17 per cent of males and 13 per cent of females.
- Primary level students: 72 per cent in rural areas and 31 per cent in urban areas. Upper primary level: 76 per in rural areas and 38 per cent in urban areas.
- Secondary and Higher secondary level: 64 per cent in rural areas and 38 per cent in urban areas.
- About NSSO: The National Sample Survey Office, established in 1950, is an organization under the Ministry of Statistics of the Government of India. It is the largest organisation in India conducting regular socio-economic surveys.
Sampada, an registration project started in Madhya Pradesh[Regional]:
- MP government starts e-registration facility in whole state with project ‘Sampada’. Now people can obtain e-stamp through internet under this facility.
- Information about registry at any place can be obtained and the copy of the registry could be downloaded online.
- People can also obtain information online about market value of their property and registration fees to be payable on its purchase or sale through this facility.
- This initiative will help to make the system more transparent and curb delays in property registration.
Census data on disabled population released [UPSC]:
- The Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner released disabled population census data by type of disability, type of households and sex – 2011.
- The census data gives the number of households having disabled persons categorised by type of households including normal, institutional and houseless households.
- Highlights of the report:
• According to the census, there are 207.8 lakh households in India having disabled persons. It means around 8.3 percent of the total households in India has a disabled person.
• Out of the total households having disabled persons, around 99 percent households are normal households, 0.4 percent are institutional and 0.2 percent are houseless households.
• Total households having disabled persons have shown an increase of 20.5 lakhs, from 187.3 lakhs in 2001 to 207.8 lakhs in 2011 (6.2 lakhs in rural and 14.3 lakhs in urban).
• Uttar Pradesh has maximum disabled population in India and is followed by Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh.
• The minimum disabled population is in Lakshadweep and is preceded by Daman and Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli.
Greece became first developed nation to default on IMF debt[All]:
- Greece became the first developed nation to default on International Monetary Fund (IMF) debt.
- Greece became a defaulter after it missed the deadline for payment of 1.7 billion dollar (1.5 billion euro) to IMF.
Matti Makkonen, the pioneer of SMS(Short Messaging Service) technology, died[All]:
- He was from Finland.
- He had pioneered the idea of sending messages via mobile networks. Unfortunately, Makkonen was not able to patent the invention of SMS messaging as it was only an idea back in 1984 and nothing was implemented.
- Extra Facts:
- First text message was sent via the Vodafone network from a computer to a mobile device in December 1992.
- Nokia was the first mobile manufacturer to introduce phone i.e. Nokia 2010 which could write and send SMS, in 1992.
Elephant Census 2015 report of Odisha:[Regional]:
- The population of elephants has increased to 1,954 from 1930 in Odisha as per revealed in 2015 Elephant Census report.
- As per 2015 Elephant Census 2015 report, 1450 elephants were enumerated in three elephant reserves viz. Mayurbhanj, Mahanadi and Sambalpur. These 3 elephant reserve accounted for 74.21 per cent of the total elephant population of the state.
- Remaining 402 elephants were found outside these elephant reserves and sanctuaries.
Abhijeet Gupta wins the 19th Commonwealth Chess Championship[Non-UPSC]:
- In the women’s section, Padmini Rout won the championship.
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