Gold Monetisation and 2 other Gold Schemes launched- UPSC notes

Three new Gold Schemes Launched By Union Government:

As a part of Union Budget 2015-16, Union Government  launched three gold related scheme viz Gold Monetization Scheme (GMS), Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme (SGBS) and Indian Gold Coins (IGC). These ambitious schemes were launched to reduce the physical demand for gold and fish out 20,000 tonnes of the precious metal lying idle with households and institutions.

Gold Monetisation Scheme (GMS) 2015

  • GMS 2015 will offer option to resident Indians to deposit their precious metal and earn an interest on it and will replace the existing Gold Deposit Scheme (GDS) 1999.
  • All residents can invest in this scheme but are subjected to Know Your Customer (KYC) Scheme.
  • Scheme tagline: Earn, while you secure.
  • Implementation: As per Reserve Bank of India (RBI) directives all Scheduled Commercial Banks (excluding Regional Rural Banks) will implement GMS 2015.
  • Deposit limit: Minimum deposit at any one time of raw gold in the forms of bars, coins, jewellery excluding stones and other metals is 30 grams with 995 fineness.
  • There is no maximum limit for the deposit.
  • Tenure: Banks will accept gold deposits under the Short Term of Bank Deposit (STBD) of 1-3 years, Medium (5-7 years) and Long (12-15 years).
  • Principal and Interest of the deposit: Banks are free to fix the interest rates and it will be denominated in gold.

Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme (SGBS) 2015

  • It seeks to shift part of physical gold in form of bars and coins for investment into Demat (Dematerialised) gold bonds in order to reduce the demand for physical gold.
  • These gold bonds are interest bearing and will be payable in terms of grams of gold.
  • Scheme tagline: Invest wisely. Earn Safely.
  • Minimum investment: 2 grams of physical gold; Maximum investment: 500 grams.
  • Issuing Bonds: RBI on behalf of Union Government will issue the Gold bonds in the denominations of one gram and its multiples.
  • Tenure of Gold bonds: 8 years is maximum tenure. But there is exit option from 5th year can be exercised on interest payments dates.
  • Tradable and Exchangeable: These bonds are available in DEMAT and paper form. It can be tradable in stock exchange and can be used as collateral for loans.

Indian Gold Coin 2015

  • It is first ever Indian gold coin and bullion to be officially issued by Union Government.
  • The gold coins will bear national emblem Ashok Chakra on one side and Mahatma Gandhi’s engraved image on the other side.
  • Denominations: The coins will be available in denominations of 5 and 10 grams and a 20 gram bullion.
  • Available at: 125 Metals and Minerals Trading Corporation (MMTC) of India outlets across the country.
  • These coins and bullion are easily liquidated.

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