Maternal Deaths in India has seen a decline of six per cent, as per the latest figures released by the Registrar General of India.

Highlights of the Report:

  • Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) of India of 130 in 2014-2016, it has declined to 122 in 2015-17.
  • The MMR is derived as a proportion of maternal deaths per 1,00,000 live births reported under the SRS.
  • A sample of 64, 75, 970 females between 15 to 49 years was studied between 2015-17. While there were about 4, 29, 173 live births in this population, 525 mothers died during this time.
  • The decline has been most significant in Empowered Action Group States – Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand and Assam from 188 to 175.
  • Among the Southern States including Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu the decline has been from 77 to 72 and in the other States from 93 to 90.
  • MMR in individual states like Kerala is the lowest and stands at 42, whereas its the highest in Assam at 229. Uttar Pradesh follows close on Assam’s heels at 216 and the third highest MMR is in Madhya Pradesh at 188.
  • United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals require India to bring down it’s MMR to 70 by 2030. 

What is Maternal Mortality Ratio

The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) is defined as the number of maternal deaths during a given time period per 100,000 live births during the same time period.

About Registrar General of India:

  • Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India was founded in 1961
  • It is under the Ministry of Home Affairs
  • Area of Work: for arranging, conducting and analysing the results of the demographic surveys of India including Census of India and Linguistic Survey of India.
  • Current Head: Vivek Joshi

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