Sources of Indian Constitution – Indian Polity Notes

Indian Polity -Amendment of Indian Constitution

 

Sources of Indian Constitution[Indian Polity Notes for UPSC, SSC etc. ] :

This Article discusses the various  Sources of Indian Constitution. The Indian Constitution has borrowed many features and provisions from the different sources like Government of India Act 1935 and world’s different constitutions like US Constitution, UK ConstitutionUSSR Constitution, German Constitution etc. as per the needs and requirements of our nation. Study of the Sources of Indian Constitution is very important from examination point of view. Below are given different sources of Indian Constituion along with the features and provisions adopted by the Constituent Assembly while drafting the Constitution of India.

Government of India Act 1935:

  • Federal Scheme of government
  • Emergency Provisions
  • Office of Governor
  • Public Service Commissions
  • Judiciary

UK Constitution:

  • Parliamentary System
  • System of Writs
  • Legislative Procedures
  • Rule of Law
  • Cabinet System
  • Bicameralism
  • Single Citizenship
  • Parliamentary Privileges

USA Constitution:

  • Fundamental Rights
  • Post of Vice-President
  • Impeachment of President
  • Independence of Judiciary
  • Removal of Judges of Supreme court and High court
  • Judicial Review

Irish Constitution:

  • Directive Principles of State Policy
  • Method of Election of the President
  • Nomination of members to Rajya Sabha

Canadian Constitution:

  • Federation with a strong Centre
  • Residuary Powers vested with the Centre
  • Appointment of Governors by the Centre
  • Advisory jurisdiction of the Supreme Court

Australian Constitution:

  • Joint-sitting of both houses of the Parliament
  • Concurrent List in the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution
  • Freedom of Trade, Commerce and Inter-course

German Constitution:

  • Suspension of Fundamental Rights during Emergency

USSR Constitution:

  • Fundamental Duties in the Constitution
  • Ideal of Justice (Social, Economic and Political) in the Preamble

French Constitution:

  • Republic character of the Indian Constitution
  • Ideals of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity in the Preamble

Japanese Constitution:

  • Procedure Established by Law

South-African Constitution:

 

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