Atal Bhoojal Yojna – Government Schemes for Competitive exams:

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Atal Bhoojal Yojna - Government Schemes for Competitive exams

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What is Atal Bhoojal Yojna?

  • Atal Bhujal Yojana (ABHY) is a central government scheme aimed at sustainable ground water management with community participation in select over-exploited areas and ground water stressed areas in seven Indian States.

What are the objectives of Atal Bhoojal Yojna?

  • To Ensure active community participation in groundwater management is among the major objectives of the scheme.
  • Atal Bhoojal Yojna scheme is expected to have several positive outcomes like
    • Better understanding of the ground water regime
    • Focused and integrated community based approach for addressing the issues related to ground water depletion,
    • Sustainable ground water management through the convergence of on-going and new schemes
    • Adoption of efficient water use practices to reduce groundwater use for irrigation
    • Augmentation of ground water resources in the targeted areas.

Which 7 states are covered in Atal Bhoojal Yojna?

  • The seven states which are covered in Atal Bhoojal Yojna are Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh
  • These seven States represent about 25% of the total number of over-exploited, critical and semi-critical blocks in terms of groundwater in India.

What is the total budget of Atal Bhoojal Yojna?

  • Atal Bhoojal Yojna (ABHY) is a Central Sector Scheme with a total outlay of Rs. 6,000 Crore
  • ABHY is proposed to be implemented with World Bank assistance.

What is the need for a scheme like Atal Bhoojal Yojna?

  • As per the recent assessment of dynamic ground water resources of the country carried out jointly by CGWB and State Ground Water Departments in 2013, out of the total 6584 numbers of assessment units, 1034 units have been categorized as ‘Over-exploited’.
  • This may have happened due to the increase in population, rapid urbanization & industrialization and other related factors.

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