HPAS  Mains General Studies Paper  Syllabus

HPAS HPAS Mains General Studies Paper 1 Syllabus

HPAS or Himachal Pradesh Administrative Services is the premier examination conducted by HPPSC. Successful candidates in HPAS Prelims exam have to appear for HPAS Mains exam in order to reach the interview before finally getting selected. Recently, HPAS Mains examination syllabus underwent a major change. UPSC style pattern has been incorporated by HPPSC for HPAS Mains. Previously there was a single paper for General Studies. But the new pattern of HPAS Mains will have three General Studies paper with a more elaborated syllabus for each paper. Below is given the syllabus for the 3 General Studies Papers

General Studies Paper-1




  • Historical perspective of Indian Cultural heritage:
  • Literature and Art forms from ancient times to 1947 (Major structural and rock-cut temple
    architecture, sculptural art and major schools of paintings).
  • Modern Indian history from mid- 18th century to 1980.
  • Freedom Struggle: its various stages and the role of eminent personalities from different parts of India.


 Industrial Revolution and the emergence of Capitalism.
 Fascist Ideology and its global implications.
 World Wars and boundary settlements after the First and the Second World Wars.
 Concept of Decolonization, Nationalism and Socialism, Globalization and concept of

 Emergence and growth of early medieval states: Kangra, Kullu and Chamba. Hill States
and their relations with the Mughals and the Sikhs.
 Gorkha invasion- its nature and consequences, Treaty of Segauli.
 Hill States under the Colonial power: Political and Administrative History.
Grants, Sanads and territorial aggression.
 Social and Economic conditions under colonial period with special reference to social
practices of Beth, Begar and Reet.
 Establishment of British Cantonments.
 National Movement with special reference to Praja Mandal movements in Himachal
Pradesh, 1848-1948.
 Five Year Plans and vision for the developed Hill State.
 Survey of artistic and cultural Heritage (Temples, Budhist Monasteries and Paintings).
Note:— All the topics / subjects covered under SUB UNIT-3 are relevant to the
State of Himachal Pradesh.


 Introduction to Disasters: Concepts, definitions, disaster classifications including natural
and man-made disasters.
 Social and Environmental impacts of disasters.
 Disaster profile of the country.
 Approaches to Disaster Risk Reductions.
 Disaster management models. Roles and responsibilities of stakeholders including
community, Concept of first responders.
 Interrelationship of disaster and development.
 Disaster management in India including Disaster Management ACT 2005, National and
state policies, Plans and institutional mechanism in the country.

 Geographical Introduction to India, India as a unit of Geographical Study.
 Aspects of the Physical Geography of India – Structure and Relief, Climate, Soils and
Vegetation, Geomorphic set up (Mountain Ranges and Rivers and other Water Bodies).
 Human Aspects – Population distribution, Urban Population, Internal Migration.

 Language and Literacy, Villages and Towns in India.
 Settlements, Industry and Transport.

 Geography of Himachal Pradesh: Relief, Drainage, Vegetation cover and types.
 Climate and climatic zones in Himachal Pradesh.
 Geographical Regions of Himachal Pradesh (Shiwalik, Doons and Low Valleys, Outer
Valleys of Sub Himalaya, Mid Hill Tracts of High Himalaya, High hills and Valleys and
Inner Zones).
 Human Aspects: Quantitative, Qualitative and Temporal characteristics of Population,
Urbanisation pattern.
 Policies: Forest, Industrial and Tourism Policies, Growth of Industrial areas and types of
Industries in Himachal, Employment generation and potential, Scope of future
Industrialization, Hazard Vulnerability and Risk Profile of Himachal Pradesh.
Note:— All the topics / subjects covered under SUB UNIT-3 are relevant to the State
of Himachal Pradesh.


 Salient features of Indian Society, Unity in Diversity.
 Social Institutions: Family, Marriage, Kinship, Religion and Social stratification in India.
 Women empowerment and social justice: Policies for women Empowerment in India, Laws
for protection of women, women security and safety initiatives in India.
 Child Rights and Right to Education.
 Rights of differently-able persons and quality of life for them.

 Core Values in public service / governance.
 Philosophical basis of public service / governance and Integrity, Professionalism,
 Objectivity and Transparency, information sharing and right to information, codes of
conduct, work culture, challenges of corruption and political pressures.
 Gandhian Thought: Truth and Non-violence, Satyagraha, Ends and Means, Religion and

 Society and Culture in Himachal Pradesh: Culture, customs, fairs and festivals, and
religious beliefs and practices, recreation and amusement.
 Tribes of Himachal Pradesh: their historical, social, cultural, economic and legal aspects.
 Family, marriage, kinship, and caste system in Himachal Pradesh.
Note:— All the topics / subjects covered under SUB UNIT-3 are relevant to the State
of Himachal Pradesh

General Studies Paper-2



 Constitution of India: Historical underpinning, evolution, salient features.
 Significant provisions including Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State Policy,
Fundamental Duties.
 Amending process and important Constitutional Amendments and theory of basic

 Parliament and State legislatures, Structure, Organization and functioning of the Union and
State Executive and the Judiciary.
 Functions and responsibilities of Union and States, issues and challenges pertaining to
the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up-to local level and challenges
 Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
 Appointments to various constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of
various constitutional bodies in India.

 Reorganization and politics of statehood.
 Development of political parties, major Political parties and their support base and
performance in the Assembly and Parliamentary elections in Himachal Pradesh.
 Politics of sub-regionalism and pressure groups in the State.
 Structure, organization and functioning of Statutory, Regulatory and various QuasiJudicial
bodies in Himachal Pradesh.
Note:— All the topics / subjects covered under SUB UNIT-3 are relevant to the State
of Himachal Pradesh.


 Institutional framework, Policies and Interventions for development in various sectors in
 Governance, Good governance, Citizen Charters, effective public service delivery,
transparency, accountability and ethics in governance in India.
 District Administration: Changing role of Deputy Commissioner.
 Local self-government in urban and rural areas in India.

 Role of Non-Government Organizations (NGOs),
 Self Help Groups (SHGs) and Civil Society in Governance in India.
 Bodies constituted, Policies, Programmes and Schemes for welfare of Scheduled Castes,
Scheduled Tribes,
 Women, Minorities, Backward classes, Differently-abled persons, and children in India.
 Issues relating to quality of life: livelihood, poverty, hunger, disease and social

 Governance in Himachal Pradesh:
 The Himachal Pradesh Public Service Guarantee Act 2011;
 Right to Information Act, 2005 and rules made thereunder by the Himachal Pradesh
 Administrative reforms for effective public service delivery in Himachal Pradesh.
 Implementation of 73rd& 74th Constitutional amendments in Himachal Pradesh.
 Issues and Challenges. Programmes and policies for the welfare of differently-abled
persons, women and children in Himachal Pradesh.
Note:— All the topics / subjects covered under SUB UNIT-3 are relevant to the State
of Himachal Pradesh.


 Bilateral, Regional and Global groupings and agreements involving India and affecting
India’s interests.
 India’s look east policy.
 India’s relations with United States of America (U.S.A.), Russia, China, Pakistan,
Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, Nepal, Maldives and Middle East Countries.

 Effects of the policies of developed and developing countries on India’s interest, Indian
 Important international Institutions, agencies and fora, their structure and mandate.

 Cyber crime and drug menace – mechanism to detect and control it in Himachal Pradesh.
 Enactments made by Himachal Pradesh Government to protect and promote the interests
of agrarian society.
 Various policies framed by the Government of Himachal Pradesh for the socioeconomic
development of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes of the State.
 Tribal welfare administration, Tribal sub plan and Single line administration in
Himachal Pradesh.
Note:— All the topics / subjects covered under SUB UNIT-3 are relevant to the State
of Himachal Pradesh

General Studies Paper-3



 Characteristics of Indian Economy:
 Demographic Profile, Demographic Dividend and Population Policy.
 Sectoral Composition with respect to contribution to Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and

 Poverty and Inequality, Unemployment, Inflation in India.
 Industrial Growth in India.
 Regulatory framework for money and banking: Reserve Bank of India (RBI), Commercial
banks and Regional Rural Banks.
 Monetary policy, Foreign exchange, Balance of Payment Scenario.
 Foreign Trade: Policy, Composition and Direction, Impact of Liberalization / Privatization
and Globalization.

 Economic Planning in India.
 Five Year Plans: strategies and outcomes, Public / Private / Joint Sectors.
 Fiscal Policy, Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003, Debt and
Investment in India: Current Status, Growth and Development experience including
Natural Resource Management.
 Sustainable development and Inclusive growth.
 Measurement of economic development: Physical Quality of Life Index (PQLI),
Millennium Development Goals, Human Development Index (HDI) / Gender
Development Index (GDI) / Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM).
 Latest / Current Development Schemes / Initiatives / Institutional Changes (e.g. Swach
Bharat Mission, Make in India, Digital India, Skill India, Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana,
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS), National
Institution for Transforming India (NITI) Ayog etc.).
 International Financial and Economic Organizations: International Monetary Fund (IMF),
World Trade Organization (WTO), International Bank for Reconstruction and
Development (IBRD), International Development Association (IDA), United Nations
Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Organization for Economic
Cooperation and Development (OECD), Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa

 Economy of Himachal Pradesh:
 Demographic profile and Human resource, Sectoral distribution of Gross State
Domestic Product (GSDP).
 Diversification in Agriculture and allied activities, Land tenure and size of land
 Industrialization in the state.
 Skilled / Unskilled labour.
 Revenue generation with special reference to hydro potential, tourism, flora and fauna.
 Cottage and Small Scale Industries.
 Tax base, Pros and Cons of Special Category status.
 Appraisal of education, Health, Physical and Financial Infrastructure Development.
Note:—All the topics / subjects covered under SUB UNIT-3 are relevant to the State
of Himachal Pradesh.


 Applications of space technology in natural resources, development and communications.
 Important missions and programmes of Department of Space and Indian Space Research
 Historical evolution of Indian Space programme. Lunar, interplanetary and Earth
Observation Missions.
 Remote Sensing and Communication satellites. Applications of Remote sensing and
Geographic Information System (GIS) for natural resources monitoring and applications
benefiting common man.

 Developments in energy sectors such as Hydro power, non conventional sources of
energy and nuclear energy including policies, programmes and research base in the country.
 Concepts of non conventional, renewable, clean and environment friendly energy sources.
Role of energy in sustainable development.

 Modern and emerging technologies and initiatives in the State of Himachal Pradesh
Including biotechnology policy, research, vision, scope and applications for developing
horticulture, medicinal and aromatic plants resources of the State.
 IT policy of Himachal Pradesh and its role in governance, concept of Himachal State
Wide Area Network (HIMSWAN), State plans of e-governance, concept of LokMitra
Kendra and Aryabhatta Geo-Informatics Space Application Centre (AGISAC).
 State Biodiversity strategy and Action Plan. Endangered and threatened species of
Himachal Pradesh. Factors responsible for Bio diversity decline in Himachal Pradesh.
 Relevance and role of Intellectual Property Rights, Geographical Indications and
Traditional wisdom and knowledge in sustainable development of the State.
Note:— All the topics / subjects covered under SUB UNIT-3 are relevant to the State
of Himachal Pradesh.


 Issues, concerns, policies, programmes, conventions, treaties and missions aimed at
environment protection, and dealing with the problem of climate change.
 State of environment reports. Environment protection and pollution control Act and rules.
 Environment Impact Assessment.
 National Action plans on Climate Change.
 Himalayan ecology, biosphere reserve, Science and economics of climate change.
 Social and ethical issues in use of Biotechnology.

 Latest developments in science and technology for harnessing agriculture, horticulture,
medicinal and herbal resources in the country.
 National mission for sustainable agriculture, mission for integrated development of

Concept of organic farming, seed certification, rain water harvesting, techniques of
irrigation and soil conservations and soil health cards.

 Tourism policy, potential and initiative in Himachal Pradesh.
 Types of tourism: religious, adventure, heritage, Important tourist destinations in Himachal
 Social, Economic and Cultural implications of Tourism.
 Concept of Eco-Tourism and green tourism and their role in sustainable development
of the State.
 Environmental concerns of tourism industry, both positive and negative effects
including climate change with reference to Himachal Pradesh.
Note:— All the topics / subjects covered under SUB UNIT-3 are relevant to the State
of Himachal Pradesh.

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